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1882 Ferdinand de Lesseps begins French construction of the Panama Canal.
1860 The discovery of the 'planet' Vulcan is announced at a meeting of the Académie des Sciences in Paris
1957 – The Hamilton Watch Company introduces the – first electric watch.
2004 Spirit, a NASA Mars Rover lands successfully on Mars at 04:35 UTC.
1896 An Austrian newspaper reports that Wilhelm Roentgen has discovered a type of radiation later known as - x-rays.
1838 Samuel Morse first successfully tests the electrical telegraph.
1610 Galileo Galilei makes his first observation of the four Galilean moons: Ganymede, Callisto, Io and Europa. Related activities:
1889 Herman Hollerith is issued a US patent for the 'Art of Applying Statistics' — his punched card calculator.
1839 The French Academy of Sciences announces the Daguerreotype photography.
1946 – The United States Army Signal Corps successfully conducts Project Diana , bouncing radio waves off the moon and receiving the reflected signals.
1922, Leonard Thompson (1908-35), age 14, was the first person to receive an injection of insulin as a treatment for diabetes. He weighed only 65 pounds and was about to slip into a coma and die.
1882 The Holborn Viaduct Central Electric Light Station in London begins the first commercial production of electricity - The Fusebox Teacher Zone
1976 Raymond Kurzweil demonstrates a reading machine that reads printed material aloud.
1911 Roald Amundsen's South Pole expedition makes landfall on the eastern edge of the Ross Ice Shelf.
1861 E.G. Otis patents the safety elevator.
1909 Ernest Shackleton's expedition finds the the magnetic South Pole.
1982 "Cold Sunday" was a meteorological event when unprecedentedly cold air swept down from Canada and plunged temperatures across much of the United States far below all-time record lows. The phenomenon was caused by an unusually strong high pressure system over Saskatchewan, a level rarely seen outside of permanent polar areas such as Siberia and Antarctica.
2005 The Airbus A380 the world's largest commercial jet, is unveiled at a ceremony in Toulouse, France.
1983 The Apple Lisa , the first commercial personal computer from Apple Inc. to have a graphical user interface and a computer mouse, is announced.
1885 La Marcus A. Thompson of Coney Island patents the roller coaster.
1954 First atomic submarine USS Nautilus is launched.
1889 Columbia Phonograph , precursor to Columbia Records, is formed.
2003 Final communication between Earth and Pioneer 10. is received.
1990 Japan launches Hiten the country's first lunar probe, the first robotic lunar probe since the Soviet Union's Luna 24 in 1976, and the first lunar probe launched by a country other than Soviet Union or the United States.
2006 – Three independent observing campaigns announce the discovery of OGLE-2005-BLG-390Lb through gravitational microlensing, the first cool rocky/icy extrasolar planet around a main-sequence star.
1949 The Hale telescope at Palomar Observatory sees first light under the direction of Edwin Hubble, becoming the largest aperture optical telescope (until BTA-6 is built in 1976).
Family Literacy Day
1967 – The United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union sign the Outer Space Treaty banning deployment of nuclear weapons in space, and limiting use of the Moon and other celestial bodies to peaceful purposes.
1958, The Lego company patents the design of its Lego bricks, still compatible with bricks produced today.
1886 – Karl Benz patents the first successful gasoline-driven automobile.
1995 The National Institutes of Health announce the success of clinical trials testing the first preventive treatment for sickle-cell anemia .
1930 3M begins marketing Scotch Tape